Tag Archives: Professor Ferdinand Porsche

New Book Release: “Professor Porsche’s Wars: The Secret Life of Legendary Engineer Ferdinand Porsche” by Karl Ludvigsen

Professor Porsche's Wars- The Secret Life of Legendary Engineer Ferdinand Porsche Who Armed Two Belligerents Through Four Decades

Professor Porsche’s Wars- The Secret Life of Legendary Engineer Ferdinand Porsche Who Armed Two Belligerents Through Four Decades

Received this book in the mail this week from Pen & Sword Military books in the U.K., compliments of the author Karl Ludvigsen. I am so excited to get into reading it thoroughly. Have to read the book before making any conclusions or review. However, from reading the first chapter last night about the young automotive engineer and founder of the Porsche car company, so far sounds very interesting and well documented about him creating the first gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle (Lohner-Porsche).  There will be more to review later on. Definitely an in-depth and richly illustrated account of Ferdinand Porsche‘s little-known career as a military engineer embracing both World Wars. Providing insights into the creative thinking and working methods of one of the greatest automotive engineers.

It’s a hardback book, containing 272 pages worth, 250 black and white historical images, size of book is 11 x 1 x 8.8 inches (276 x 215 mm), 3.1 pounds. Imprint/publisher is: Pen & Sword Military

About the new released book & the author  

Regarded as one of the great automotive engineers of the twentieth century, Ferdinand Porsche is well remembered today for his remarkable automotive designs including the Volkswagen Beetle and Auto Union Grand Prix cars. Yet there is another side to his extraordinary career, for he was an equally inventive designer of military vehicles and machinery. In this field too he excelled. Indeed the sheer versatility of his contribution is astonishing. Karl Ludvigsen’s study is the definitive guide.

He tells the complete story, focusing on Porsche’s relations with the German armed forces and on the stream of advanced designs he was responsible for. Included are Austro Daimler’s pioneering aero engines, the Kübelwagen, Schwimmwagen, Type 100 Leopard tank, Ferdinand or Elefant tank destroyer and the astounding Type 205 Maus tank. He also describes Porsche’s creative work on aero engines, tank engines and even a turbojet for the V-1 flying bomb.

Karl Ludvigsen ‘s account confirms the pre-eminence of Ferdinand Porsche as a brilliant and prolific engineer, one of the most remarkable of his generation.

About the Author

Karl Ludvigsen

Karl Ludvigsen

Karl Ludvigsen is a world-renowned and prize-winning historian and author with over fifty books to his credit. He has made in-depth studies of the cars and histories of Volkswagen, Corvette, Porsche and Mercedes-Benz as well as the careers of leading Grand Prix drivers and designers. A former vice-president of Ford of Europe, Ludvigsen has had a life-long interest in engineering and military history. Among his most notable publications are Porsche: Excellence Was Expected, Battle for the Beetle and Colin Chapman: Inside the Innovator.

In addition to his motor industry activities as an executive (with GM, Fiat and Ford) and head of a consulting company, Karl Ludvigsen has been active for over 50 years as an author and historian. As an author, co-author or editor he has some four dozen books to his credit. Needless to say, they are all about cars and the motor industry, Karl’s life-long passion.

Since 1997 Ludvigsen has been drawing on the photographic resources of the Ludvigsen Library to write and illustrate books on the great racing drivers. His first title in this series was Stirling Moss ‘ Racing with the Maestro. He followed this with Jackie Stewart ‘ Triple-Crowned King of Speed and Juan Manuel Fangio ‘ Motor Racing’s Grand Master. Fourth in this series for Haynes Publishing was Dan Gurney ‘ The Ultimate Racer and fifth was Alberto Ascari ‘ Ferrari’s First Double Champion. Next came Bruce McLaren ‘ Life and Legend of Excellence and Emerson Fittipaldi ‘ Heart of a Racer.

Also in the field of motor sports Karl Ludvigsen has written about road racing in America, the cars of the Can-Am series, the AAR Eagle racing cars, the GT40 Fords and Prime Movers, the story of Britain’s Ilmor Engineering. His introduction to At Speed, a book of Jesse Alexander’s racing photography, won the Ken W. Purdy Award for Excellence in Automotive Journalism. Other motors-sports titles include Classic Grand Prix Cars, a history of the front-engined G.P. racer, and Classic Racing Engines, Karl’s personal selection of 50 notable power units.

Four of Karl Ludvigsen’s books concern the Chevrolet Corvette, one of them an industry best-seller. He has written three times about Mercedes-Benz, twice about its racing cars. His books on the latter subject have won the Montagu Trophy (once) and the Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot Award (twice), both recognising outstanding automotive historical writing. In 2001 he again received the Cugnot award from the Society of Automotive Historians for his book about the early years of the Volkswagen, Battle for the Beetle, a Robert Bentley publication.

Karl Ludvigsen’s Porsche history, Excellence was Expected, is considered by many to be a model of the researching and writing of the history of an auto company. He has updated it twice in a three-volume format for Bentley Publishers for the new Millennium. He is the author of a series of monographs on great Maserati cars. His book BRM V16 for Veloce Publishing tells the story of one of the most controversial racing cars of all time. In The V12 Engine for Haynes he describes the creation and consequences of all the cars ever powered by the iconic vee-twelves.

In 1997 Ludvigsen researched and wrote the catalogue for a special exhibition of Ferrari technological innovations on the occasion of the company’s 50th anniversary and contributed a major section to the company’s official 50-year history. He has updated this for the company’s 60th anniversary. Karl’s understanding of the Ferrari world combined with his Library’s holding of the Rodolfo Mailander photo archive to produce Ferrari by Mailander in 2005, a Dalton Watson publication. In 2006 with Dalton Watson Karl has published The Incredible Blitzen Benz, the story of six great record-breaking cars.

In co-operation with publisher Iconografix, Ludvigsen has established the Ludvigsen Library Series of 128-page books drawing on the holdings of the Ludvigsen Library. The series now numbers 19 titles, including books on Indy racing cars of 1911 to 1939, the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, the Indy Novis, Chevrolet’s Corvair and Corvette, the Mercedes-Benz 300SL of 1952 and 1954-1964, the 300SLR of 1955, Porsche Spyders, Porsche 917, Jaguar XK120, XK140 and XK150, Land Rover Defender the Ferrari factory and American sports-racers: the Cunninghams, Chaparrals and Can-Am racing cars. More titles are in preparation.


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PORSCHE 356 of the air a lavishly restored Pützer Elster B German Aircraft

Vintage aircraft campaigns for the Porsche Museum

It was the first German aircraft to be built in any significant numbers after the Second World War: a classic aircraft of the type “Pützer Elster B” has been extensively restored with the assistance of the Porsche Museum and will now have the mission of representing the museum at airshows as its “flying ambassador”.

There are close historic ties between the Porsche Museum and the “Elster” (magpie): the Porsche aeroengine Type 678 was tested in this aircraft type at the end of the 1950s. The engine of the Porsche 356 was used not only as a drive for the first German post-war sports car, but also the first German aircraft engine production.

After extensive restoration lasting three years under Project Manager and owner Jürgen Gassebner, a “Pützer Elster B” has been restored to its former splendor. The restorers invested over 1,000 hours in giving the flying machine a thorough overhaul. Particular attention was paid to reconditioning original parts as thoroughly as possible, to minimize the need for new parts.

Tradition of care in the air: vintage aircraft promotes the Porsche Museum

Stuttgart. Not only on land but also in the air, operates the museum of Dr. Ing hc F. Porsche AG, Stuttgart, maintaining tradition.

A vintage aircraft of the type “Pützer Elster B” from 1963 and was extensively restored with Porsche support, and will continue to advertise as a “flying ambassador” for the museum.

Between the Porsche Museum and the “Magpie”, marked D-ElkY from 1963 is a close historical reference: Coinciding with the Porsche 356 was the “Magpie” is the first built in any significant quantity German engine aircraft after the Second World War.

Moreover, that aircraft type in 1957, the Porsche 678 type aircraft engine tested. This four-cylinder boxer engine was based on the drive of the Porsche 356 and was built in the late 50s to a whole aircraft engine program with launch services for up to 75 hp.

Ancestor of the aircraft type “Magpie” was the famous glider double Raab, “from which the aircraft maker Alfons Pützer with Fritz Raab, first developed the motor ship” Motor Raab, a little later – using the double-Raab-wings – after the prototype “Elster A to develop. ”

This was driven in 1957 by a strong 52 hp engine from the Porsche-type 678th Due to increased demands on the flight performance was the “Elster B” later the 95 horsepower Rolls-Royce Continental engine, type C-90 12 and 14 F. From this vintage aircraft that the KG Alfons Pützer constructed in 1957, are now only ten aircraft at LBA approved.

In the extensive, three-year long overhaul of the “magpie” the Restoration invested over 1,000 hours of work. Special emphasis was placed on work up original parts as possible to dispense with the installation of new parts as much as possible. Thus, in addition to the motor and the electronic equipment on board, called the avionics have been updated. Also received the wood airplane has a fully renovated interior and a proper overhaul of the cell, so the wings and the fuselage.

“Magpie” now with a new and classically modern painting: by the renowned Stuttgart designer Wolfgang Seidl developed design concept was quoted as traditional Porsche colors red, white and gray is the classic race car design from the 50s and 60s.

On the wings as well as the lettering on the fuselage has the Porsche Museum in the historical relationship between Porsche and the “Magpie” out.

In future, stationed in the Swabian Heubach Magpie D ElkY ” seen as a flying ambassador for the Porsche Museum at numerous vintage air shows. This museum pays tribute once again the engineering achievements of the company founder Professor Ferdinand Porsche. For over 100 years ago, he developed as Austro-Daimler chief designer in addition to automotive engines and aircraft engines successfully.

PICTURES: Porsche AG Database

Public Relations and Media
Astrid Böttinger

As well as the engine, the electronic equipment on board – known as the avionics – was replaced. The wooden aircraft’s interior was also given full restoration treatment and the airframe, in other words the wings and fuselage, were expertly overhauled. The “Elster” also sports a modern, fresh design: the design concept created by renowned Stuttgart designer Wolfgang Seidl gives a nod to classic Porsche racing car design of the 1950s and 1960s in adopting the traditional Porsche colours red, white and grey. Both the wings and the fuselage itself are emblazoned with the Porsche Museum logo.

After three years of work the Puetzer Elster B D-ELKY took off for its first flight in Porsche colours and branding.

Economic miracle – the 356 runs like hot cakes.

Even in the automotive sector, where well-heeled in those days with the Porsche 356 at prices of around 12,000 .- Mark up can buy the first German sports car. And they do it diligently. The 356 sold like hot cakes, the known, and so roll this year, 4529 copies in Zuffenhausen assembly line.

Porsche is going really well, and Germany experiencing prosperity, at least in parts of the population. A simple employee earned in those days, however, only 250 marks a month. That will have a wife and family. As is to think of a Porsche 356 almost. While automobiles, the very front of 356, followed by VW beetles, Lloyds and other four-wheeled motorbikes with NSU as the Max and the streets of Regina Horex rule, must settle for a small minority of people with dreams. Dreams of flying with airplanes, which had in its extreme forms, the likes of North American P-51 Mustang, a Spitfire, a Messerschmitt Bf 109 or the previous decade brought so much suffering to the world. Memories of Icarus come to mind, the crash and the death sentence of the gods for his grip after the sun had.

Aircraft engines as a new business field for Porsche.

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So it is only plausible that where the Allies of Germany in the postwar period, almost everything – not only just flying. The Potsdam agreements seal 1945, the flight ban, which will consolidate the demilitarization of Germany. Only about six years after the war, at least, the construction and flying gliders allowed again. Only four years later, in 1955, with the Paris agreements Germany again to build aircraft engines and operate.

Sun in 1955, anything seems possible, especially at Porsche in Zuffenhausen and we quickly recognize that the four-cylinder boxer engine of the 356 is good not only for vehement propulsion in a sports car, but could also serve as a formidable power an aircraft. The slim, compact design makes it ideal Boxer almost to slip under a plane-Cowling, and then make the Porsche engineers are working the 356-engine flying to teach.

The starting point for the first engine of the 356 had been delivered by the Porsche design office in 1938 and 1940 designed VW boxer engine with central camshaft, push rods and valves arranged in parallel. A design that is improved over the 356-company is a success and has become a powerful drive.

From this moment on D-ELKY is the PORSCHE MUSEUM’s official flying ambassador.

Flying ambassador of the Porsche Museum.

At the meeting in the Swabian Heubach, restored over a period of three years and 1,000 hours Elster B hits with the serial number 32 from the year 1963 therefore, a Porsche 356 B Super 90 from 1963. Quite the contrast to the first, 40-hp 356 with 1.1-liter engine of 1951, so that already at least 185 km / h “peak” and Porsche-typical sports-car performance possible.

With a maximum speed of 180 mph and a cruising speed of 142 km / h at 75 percent power marks the Elster B, the perfect matching flying counterpart.

Much like the posh restored 356 B of the Porsche Museum exudes the luxury of its interior in the 50s and 60s. Stitched gray genuine leather combined with walnut wood and a lot of glittering chrome and polished aluminum. As noble a magpie B was never so at the time, but it was for basic training in the Air Force, the Air sports groups in the armed forces and the training and the glider tow was built in clubs.

The historical connection between Porsche and Pützer is to the restoration team can be here to give full attention to detail, and so every little part not only once or twice, but assessed as long review, and possibly obsolete and refurbished is met by the claim of the highest quality.

On 25 and 26 June 2011, Aerospace and Porsche fans will be at the air shows in Schwäbisch Hall in their element. Heubach fly out of the magpie, and some machines with PFM3200 Porsche engine in the association are to Schwäbisch Hall.

On the ground, the planes form an attractive display with Porsche automobiles. The range that extends from the center of Schwäbisch Gmünd PORSCHE vehicle provided while classic cars like the Porsche 356 Cabriolet to current models like the 911 GT3 RS. Also is the team of 9ELF Dutt’s Motorsport in the ADAC GT Masters race cars used by the 911 GT3 R with 480 hp.

Not only on land but also in the air, operates the Museum of Dr. Ing hc F. Porsche AG, Stuttgart, maintaining tradition.

A vintage aircraft of the type “Pützer Elster B” from 1963 and was extensively restored with Porsche support, and will continue to advertise as a “flying ambassador” for the Porsche Museum.

Between the Porsche Museum and the “Magpie”, marked D-ElkY from 1963 is a close historical reference: Coinciding with the Porsche 356 was the “Magpie” is the first built in any significant quantity German engine aircraft after the Second World War.

Moreover, that aircraft type in 1957, the Porsche 678 type aircraft engine tested. This four-cylinder boxer engine was based on the drive of the Porsche 356 and was built in the late 50s to a whole aircraft engine program with launch services for up to 75 hp.

SOURCE: Jürgen Gassebner Elster Porsche Museum

Since September 2010 the Puetzer Elster B D-ELKY is the PORSCHE MUSEUM’s official flying ambassador. Its design was transferred to 9ELF Team’s 911 GT3 R.


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Porsche Reveals New Panamera Models at New York International Auto Show


NEW YORK — April 20, 2011 – Marking a North American premiere at the New York International Auto Show, Porsche today showed two new versions of its highly acclaimed Panamera four-door sports sedan, including the company’s most fuel-efficient car ever — the 2012 Panamera S Hybrid — and its highest-performance Panamera ever, the 2012 Panamera Turbo S.

“Today we are unveiling two new, dynamic and high-performance Panamera models,” said Detlev von Platen, Porsche Cars North America’s President and CEO. “One is a highly advanced hybrid and the other is a car that raises the bar higher than ever in the premium sports sedan segment.”

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Powerful New Panamera Turbo S is Revealed

With its new four-door Panamera Turbo S, Porsche is establishing a new benchmark for its competitors by delivering ultra high performance and efficiency, sports-car-like driving dynamics, and first-class comfort in a purely Porsche package.

The power under the hood of the new top-of-the-line Panamera is based on the proven twin-turbocharged 4.8-liter V8 engine in the Panamera Turbo. In the Turbo S this powerplant generates 550 horsepower, 50 more than that of the Panamera Turbo. The torque is also increased significantly over the Turbo from 516 lb-ft to 553 lb-ft. Even more torque — 590 lb-ft — is generated temporarily by the “Sport” and “Sport Plus” overboost mode of the standard Sport Chrono Package Turbo.

The increase in power in the Panamera Turbo S is the result of a quicker, more responsive turbo response and modified engine control unit. With the help of Launch Control, the newest Panamera can reach 60 mph in just 3.6 seconds. The top-track speed is 190 mph. And despite this increased performance, fuel consumption is expected to remain comparable to the Panamera Turbo that delivers an EPA estimated rating of 15 mpg city/23 mpg highway.  Official EPA fuel economy estimates for the Panamera Turbo S will become available prior to the car’s on-sale date later this spring.

Even for a world-class luxury car, the Panamera Turbo S offers an extraordinarily high level of features. In keeping with its sporty concept, it comes equipped with the most important driving-dynamic control systems. For example, Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC) is an active anti-roll system that significantly reduces lateral body movement during corning, which enhances stability, handling and overall occupant comfort.  Porsche Torque Vectoring Plus (PTV Plus) is also standard and works to help ensure superior traction and higher-performance cornering by applying a variable torque split to the rear wheels in combination with an electronically controlled rear differential lock. Also standard is Porsche’s advanced speed-sensitive Servotronic® steering system, a sports exhaust system, and the Sport Chrono Package Turbo that further tunes the engine and suspension at the touch of the “Sport Plus” button.

While the sporting character of the new Panamera Turbo S is most apparent behind the wheel, the car’s exterior tastefully exudes its high-performance ambitions. The new 20-inch Turbo II wheels with increased rear axle track width, side skirts from the Porsche Exclusive range, and the adaptive four-way extending rear spoiler express the car’s elite performance abilities. Inside, the fusion of exclusivity and sportiness is conveyed in the interior by the standard bi-color leather finish. A new combination of black/cream is offered exclusively for the new Panamera Turbo S with Agate Grey/cream also being added as an exclusive option later this year. Agate Gray Metallic will also be an exclusive exterior color.

The new Porsche Panamera Turbo S will have a base MSRP of $173,200 (excluding destination).

Porsche Expands its Hybrid Lineup with the Panamera S Hybrid

The debut of the Panamera S Hybrid adds another important chapter to the Porsche Intelligent Performance philosophy of committing to build new cars that strive to deliver sportier performance with more fuel efficiency and lower emissions. Without sacrificing high-performance or luxury and comfort, this new Panamera model produces 380 horsepower with fuel consumption of only 6.8 L/100 km on the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), making it the most fuel efficient Porsche of all time.

Official EPA fuel economy estimates for the U.S. will be available closer to the car’s on-sale date late this year.

As you would expect from Porsche, the Panamera S Hybrid sets new standards in terms of performance as well as hybrid efficiencies. It accelerates from 0 to 60 mph in just 5.7 seconds and has a top track speed of 167 mph (270 km/h). Its range in purely electric mode is approximately one mile, with electric-only acceleration possible up to just over 50 mph (85 km/h).

The Porsche parallel full hybrid system also reduces consumption at high speeds thanks to its ‘sailing’ or coasting mode. When the driver lifts off the accelerator at normal highway cruising speeds, the gasoline engine is completely switched off and disengaged from the drivetrain by a decoupling clutch. This eliminates the combustion engine’s drag forces and braking effect in the interest of lower resistance, fuel consumption and emissions. As soon as the driver presses the accelerator, to pass another vehicle for example, the gasoline engine smoothly starts within fractions of a second and engine rpms are increased to match the current vehicle speed. It does this seamlessly thanks to the Hybrid Manager, which also helps the Panamera S Hybrid accelerate dynamically in gears at higher speeds.

The Panamera S Hybrid employs a 3.0-liter supercharged V6 engine that delivers 333 horsepower. It is supported by a 47-horsepower (34 kW) electric motor. Depending on driving conditions, either drive unit can operate independently or together to drive the rear wheels. The electric motor, which also serves as the car’s generator and starter, combines with the decoupling clutch to form the compact hybrid module located between the combustion engine and the transmission. The electric motor is connected to a nickel metal hydride (NiMh) battery that stores electric energy recovered from braking and other driving situations. The transmission is the same eight-speed Tiptronic S fitted in the Cayenne models, with a wide range of gear ratios.

The Panamera S Hybrid has an even higher level of standard equipment than the V8 Panamera S that includes Adaptive Air Suspension with the Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM) adaptive shock absorber system, Servotronic® variable-assist power steering and a host of other features. This new model also features an innovative display that provides the driver with relevant information about the status of the vehicle’s hybrid drive systems.

The Panamera S Hybrid will go on sale in the United States later in 2011 at a base suggested retail price of $95,000 (excluding destination).

World’s First Hybrid is Incredibly Recreated

In 1900, history came to life when Professor Ferdinand Porsche built the first functional hybrid car. Aptly called Semper Vivus, which means “Always Alive” this historic car has been resurrected 111 years later by Porsche as a tribute to this acclaimed engineer’s visionary thinking.

The fully functional Semper Vivus replica, based on original drawings and exhaustive research, is a collaborative effort between Porsche Engineering and Karosseriebau Drescher, a coachbuilding company based in Hinterzarten in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Its masterful design impresses onlookers to this very day, and for the first time in the United States it is on display at the New York Auto Show press day on April 20.

In November 2007 the Porsche Museum embarked on one of the most interesting and challenging projects in its history: the construction of a faithful replica of the 1900 Lohner-Porsche Semper Vivus. Even 111 years after its invention, building the world’s first functioning hybrid car was a great challenge for all. Ultimately it was not just about an extreme attention to visual details but also achieving the same driving performance as the original.

The Porsche Museum entrusted the workmanship to a team of experts led by coachbuilder Hubert Drescher, who had already proven his competence in numerous difficult restoration projects. As with a number of racing car projects, the aluminum body of the Porsche Type 64 museum exhibit originates from the Hinterzarten coachbuilder workshop, as well.

Exhaustive research in various archives the across Europe was the first step. The outcome was a handful of black-and-white photos and an original technical drawing serving as the project’s foundation. As with Prof. Porsche, the Semper Vivus replica initially began as a blank sheet of paper.

This meant that in addition to a good deal of imagination, the project required extensive research and calculations in order to be faithfully recreate an accurate and working likeness of the electric wheel-hub motor. Since no specifications or other helpful records had survived, experts initially created ready reckoners and design drawings on graph paper in the time-honored fashion. This involved the painstaking study and laborious measurement of photos and drawings. As there was no functioning wheel hub motor in existence, technical details such as performance and range had to be resurrected and calculated from scratch.

The replica car’s genius rivals what it took to build the original. What can be seen now took three years to build and ingenious engineering and craftsmanship, as well as a treasure hunt for original parts, including some for the combustion engine.

Today, Prof. Porsche’s innovative spirit lives on at Porsche, as a priceless historical creation and as an inspiration for the company’s commitment to developing new and ever-more advanced hybrid systems.

About Porsche Cars North America

Porsche Cars North America, Inc. (PCNA), based in Atlanta, Ga. is the exclusive U.S. importer of Porsche sports cars, the Cayenne SUV and Panamera Gran Turismo. Established in 1984, it is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Porsche AG, which is headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany, and employs approximately 220 people who provide parts, service, marketing and training for 196 dealers. They, in turn, work to provide Porsche customers a best-in-class experience that is in keeping with the brand’s 63-year history and leadership in the advancement of vehicle performance, safety and efficiency. At the core of this success is Porsche’s proud racing heritage that boasts some 30,000 motorsport wins to date.

SOURCE: Porsche AG / Porsche Cars North America, Inc.

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